Joseph Karl Stieler
Joseph Karl Stieler (Joseph Karl Stieler) (November 1, 1781, Mainz - April 9, 1858, Munich) - German portrait painter.
Stieler took his first steps in art under the guidance of his father, then successfully engaged in self-education in pastels and miniatures.
For two years he was an apprentice to the court painter Christoph Fezel, who in turn studied under Anton Raphael Mengs. Fezel Stieler studied oil painting. Then Stieler went to study at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts under Heinrich Friedrich Fuger and made his debut as a portrait painter.
In 1805-1806, Stieler spent at the courts of Budapest and Warsaw, where he was simply overwhelmed with orders. In 1807, he accepted an offer to move to Paris and work with François Gerard. In 1808 he returned to Germany and settled as an independent artist in Frankfurt am Main.
In 1810, Stieler went on a long trip to Italy. In 1811 he painted a portrait of Joachim Murat. For a long time he remained at the court of Eugene de Beauharnais to paint portraits of his children for the father-in-law of Beauharnais, King of Bavaria Maximilian I Joseph.
The very next year, King Maximilian I invited Stieler to his court in Munich, which became Stieler's home. In 1816, his patron sent Stieler to the Viennese court to paint a portrait of Emperor Franz II.
From February to April 1820, Stieler painted a portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven, which today is probably the most famous depiction of the great composer.
For King Ludwig I, Stieler painted the famous Gallery of Beauties in the Nymphenburg Palace. Commissioned by Ludwig Stieler, he also painted the famous portrait of Goethe in 1828. In the work of Stieler, one can also highlight the portraits of Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Ludwig Tieck, Alexander von Humboldt and the family of King Maximilian I.