International Women's Day is a holiday celebrated annually on March 8 in a number of countries. It appeared as a day of solidarity for women in the struggle for equal rights.
For the first time the idea of holding a holiday arose at the beginning of the 20th century. The first national women's day, in accordance with the decision of the Socialist Party of America, was celebrated throughout the United States on February 28, 1909.
In 1910, at a meeting of the Socialist International in Copenhagen, Denmark, it was proposed to establish International Women's Day to celebrate the movement for women's rights and help them achieve universal suffrage. The proposal received unanimous support from a conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, but no specific date was set for the day.
Russian women celebrated their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday in February 1913 as part of the peace movement that began on the eve of World War I, and in 1914, on March 8, women held rallies in other European countries in solidarity with their sisters.
Since 1966, this day has officially become a holiday and non-working day.